GLOSSARY

 

  A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

A

 

AJ Q’IJ (singular)– AJ Q’JAB (plural) the Mayan daykeeper, also translated as priest or priestess, healer, midwife, one who possess blood lightening (see below glossary definition)

 

ANCESTRAL HEALING – two definitions: the act of calling upon one's deceased  ancestors for guidance and assistance with earthly matters; the art and science of restoring negative energies back to their balanced, holistic state - the negative energies are inflicted by lost, uninitiated souls

 

ANCESTRAL MEMORY – a custom among the Maya of remembering, communing, asking and receiving assistance from the soul’s of your deceased ancestors

 

ANCESTRAL WISDOM – wisdom that is passed on to you through your ancestors

 

ANCESTRAL WOUND – usually refers to massive wounds caused by the transgressions of imperialistic ancestors but also manifests at the individual level of awareness 

 

ARCHETYPAL  ENERGY – recurring fields of consciousness that permeate the universe and the soul

 

AXIS MUNDO – the central axis of the Earth, Earth’s spinal column, the center of the Earth, see also Tree of Life

 

_________________________________________________________________

B

BELONGING- a concept and construct inherent in Mayan languages that emphasizes connection to community and the web of life, in contrast to the orientation to an individual’s ego

 

BLOOD LIGHTENING – Similar to kundalini energy described in the Eastern traditions, to the Maya this the visceral sense of knowing, usually perceived as a pulsation, spark or charge of  energy that flows through the physical body providing answers, messages and intuitive knowledge, The word the Kiche use is koyopa, meaning "lightening" which can literally be seen as the shaking or twitching of a limb, such as a hand or a leg, when the energy is coming through, along with the messages or information.

 

BLOWING IN THE HAND – A Mayan gesture for blessing an object such as a fire offering, planting a seed  or anything else that may warrant a blessing

 

BRUJO-BRUJA – Spanish term for one who practices the dark arts, witchcraft used to harm others

 

_________________________________________________________________

C

CARRYING – Mayan language construct which orients a person to the gifts that they carry in this lifetime, as opposed to usage of the verb “to be,” sublimating the ego and elevating the appreciation for the Creator

 

CEREMONY – Usually fire based, whether using a candle or huge pile of wood (see fire ceremony)

 

CODICES (Codex/singular)– screen-fold books made from tree bark containing phonetic writings and pictorial representations of Mayan cosmology, astronomical, astrological sciences and daily life

 

COMPATIBILITY – connection and resonance between Mayan day signs determines relationship and marriage potential

 

CONCEPTION SIGN – the energy that is at the top of the Mayan Cross, where the head of the human form would be. This is the energy that is present at the time of conception and is derived by counting 260 (normal period of human gestation) days before the Mayan day sign on the Mayan sacred calendar. It is no coincidence that the sacred calendar, human gestation and the gestation of the corn plant at Mesoamerican latitude are all 260 days long. The Maya believe that we came from the stars, are made from that same stuff and, so is corn. All are sacred.

Many wonder if the conception sign would change if the baby were born premature or late, but there is no evidence that the Maya track the variances from the divine scheme of things. We can suppose that at the soul level, the energies remain the same according to the Golden Ratio and 260 days. 

 

COSMIC BLUEPRINT – synonomous with your personal Tree of Life, energetic signature, soul, these are the  energies which make up your soul, including one’s karma, sacred  contract and purpose of this lifetime (dharma)

 

COSTUMBRE – Spanish word means custom, but in Guatemala costumbre typically refers to the practice of ancestor worship

 

_________________________________________________________________

D

DAYKEEPER – synonomous with Aj’Q'ij, Mayan priest/ess,  one who reveres and adheres to the sacred count of days from the 260 day Mayan sacred calendar

 

DAY LORD – the ruler, the power, the spiritual essence, the nawal, the spirit guide of each one of the 20 days of the Mayan sacred calendar, each has unique  characteristics and influences various aspects of existence in the universe. The Day Lord is incomplete without its consort, i.e., a numeral (1-13) that is paired with each day; together they make up the energy of the Day Lord, often refers to the glyph or symbol that depicts the energy of the day, also known as “respectable cosmic companions”

 

DESTINY SIGN – the energy that is found at the bottom (or foot) of the Mayan Cross that influences your life as an elder. One becomes an Elder after age 52 on the Gregorian calendar.(73 rounds of 260 day calendar = 52 rounds of 365 day calendar = 18,980 days = a “calendar round”  of 52 Gregorian years).

No one has told me this, but my personal experience as an Elder and with the destiny sign is that the highest expression of this energy is earned, not a given, as are the other energies of the Mayan Cross. Unlike the other signs which resonate according to our inherited karmic bundle, our destiny, our dharma, can only be fulfilled if we engage in clearing, cleaning and dissipating the negative energies from our energy fields which, in turn, cleanses the collective.  The more that collective consciousness is cleared, the easier it is for the individual to go through this shift and purification process. In his book A New Earth, Eckhart Tolle observed that It is only a matter of time before the collective pain body is discovered within each human’s DNA. I submit that the Maya have known this for centuries.

 

DIVINATION - the practice of seeing into the future, typically through a connection with divine forces, The Maya Aj q'ij  method for divination (known as "putting a question") involves a selection of some of  260 red beans from the sacred Tz'ite tree to learn the answers to specific questions posed by the client. This practice is as old as the calendars and was used by the creators of this version of humankind, as per the Popul Vuh.

 

DREAMSPELL CALENDAR - a version of the Mayan sacred calendar popularized by Jose Arguelles, supposedly based upon a channeling of information he received from the great ruler  Pacal Votan (603-683 AD). On this site, the name of the Mayan Day Signs as per the Dreamspell calendar have been included for reference purposes only, not as an endorsement of the calendar. 

__________________________________________________________________

E

EAST DIRECTION – The energy of the East is that of Father Sun, the visionary who illumines our path and helps us find the right course of action

 

 
ENERGETIC SIGNATURE – similar to cosmic blueprint, each soul is unique, constantly vibrating at various frequencies due to a multitude of factors

__________________________________________________________________

F

FIRE CEREMONY – a ritual used to describe, teach, honor and give thanks to the 20 Day Lords, nawales, ancestors and other influences for the gift of life, protection in the future and forgiveness in the past

 

FOUR DIRECTIONS- the foundation of Mayan Cosmovision: the Heart of the Heavens, the Heart of the Earth, the Heart of the Wind, the Heart of the Water, all comprise the Tree of Life or the World Tree

________________________________________________________________

G

GALACTIC TONES – the 13 numerals of the Mayan sacred calendar

 

GLYPH – a graphic depiction symbolizing an aspect of Mayan worldview, in this case, a glyph for each day sign

 

GOLDEN RATIO – The concept of Phi Φ (=1.618) informs all levels of the Mayan calendars, architecture and astronomy, known as the golden mean, the divine porportion; also found in the pyramids of Egypt, the Parthenon of Greece

 

GMT CORRELATION – There are several methods for correlating the Mayan and Gregorian calendars. The one we use for the Mayan Cross is the same method currently in use by the Aj q’jab, known (by scientists) as the 584,283 correlation. This correlation measures the Long Count calendar as beginning the 5,126 year cycle on August 11, 3114 BCE,  ending on December 21, 2012. Many conventional and academic scientists, however, use the 584,285 constant, which pegs the beginning on August 13, 3114 BCE and end on December 23, 2012.

 

_________________________________________________________________

H

HAAB CALENDAR - The 365 day, solar year calendar made up of 18 months with 20 days each. This is the calendar most well-known among convential scientists and thought of as the agricultural calendar. The calendar ends with a period of five days, called the Wayeb, used for contemplation and renewal. The Year Bearers also change on the last day of this period.

HEART SIGN – also known as Mayan day sign, birth sign or Mayan birthday,this is the most prominent energy of the entire Mayan Cross configuration. It rules both lower self (ego) and Higher Self (soul). Understanding it is the key to self-realization. 

If you do not resonate with this sign, you may be on the cusp of two day signs. The  Maya consider a day’s cycle beginning at sunrise, so if you were born just before or after  midnight, which is when the Western world triggers a new day,  you may resonate more with the previous or next Mayan Day Sign.

If you were born just before midnight, re-enter the previous Gregorian day into the calculator and see if that is a better fit.  If you were born just before sunrise, re-enter the next Gregorian day into the calculator to see if that energy resonates more completely with you.

 

HORIZONTAL AXIS – energies which need to be balanced throughout life in order for a person to realize the highest expression of their destiny. The combination of glyph and numeral express the individual's gifts (on the right) and challenges (on the left). Note that both left and right arms are always the same color, derived from the Mayan four directions. Each color/direction has a quality, and also determines a person's compatibility with other Day Signs

______________________________________________________________

L

Left Arm - Challenges  - Because the Mayan Cross appears to us as a human form facing out, the glyph and numeral on the left arm side actually shows on the right side of the page. The Classic Maya perceived the left to be the weaker side; as in less obvious in the material sense, similar to YIN energy in the Chinese system. Over the centuries, this concept has been translated as  the energy that challenges us, preventing us from living our true destiny

 

 
LONG COUNT CALENDAR – one of 20 Mayan calendars, used for tracking enormous amounts of time. Contemporary theories focus on the midsection of this calendar dated 3144 BCE to 2012 AD. This is the cycle of time in which we are currently living and which is nearing its end.

_______________________________________________________________

M

 
MAYA -VS–MAYAN  A number of scientific researchers have used the term “Maya” for everything related to this culture, rather than using the adjective “Mayan” for aspects belonging to the culture. To follow the trend in most contemporary research, this paper will use the term “Maya” as a noun and “Mayan” as an adjective.

 

MAYAN BIRTHDAY – synonymous with Mayan day sign or birth sign, this is the most prominent energy of the entire Mayan Cross configuration. It rules both lower self (ego) and Higher Self (soul). Understanding it is the key to self-realization. Special Note: Some people notice an extra assist from the universe on their Mayan birth day, like the wind is behind their back. Just notice what you can on yours.  

If you do not resonate with the Day Sign our system calculates, you may be on the cusp of two day signs. The  Maya consider a day’s cycle beginning at sunrise, so if you were born just before or after  midnight, which is when the Western world triggers a new day,  you may resonate more with the previous or next Mayan Day Sign.

If you were born just before midnight, re-enter the previous Gregorian day into the calculator and see if that is a better fit.  If you were born just before sunrise, re-enter the next Gregorian day into the calculator to see if that energy resonates more completely with you.

 

MAYAN COSMOVISION – the expansive and elaborate worldview of the Mayan universe, comprised of the creation story, pantheon of deities, myths and the vital wisdom and belief system which supports their culture

 

 

MAYAN CROSS - A tool used by the Maya for life-guidance and self-realization. The Mayan Cross reveals the energies which effect the karma (conception), dharma (destiny), challenges, strengths and compatibilities of an individual.  Note: the Mayan Aj q'jab do not use the Mayan Cross for divination purposes. They have a different method for that, using red beans from the Tz'ite tree.

 

MAYAN MANTRA – the five Mayan day signs which make up an individual’s Mayan Cross in this order: conception, heart, right arm, left arm, destiny

______________________________________________________________

N

NAWAL – NAWALES – a word used throughout Mesoamerica for spirit, the spirit guides, spiritual essence or Day Lord; for our purposes, we use these words interchangeably with Day Sign and Mayan Cross energies  

 

NORTH DIRECTION – The energy of the North is that of Father Sky who teaches us the way of the sacred warrior. Authentic and strong even under adverse circumstances, this energy shows us who we truly are, what we stand for, who to stand with and how to take a stand.

 

NUMERALS – 13 numbers that make up the sacred count of days

________________________________________________________________

O

OFFERINGS – made in payment to the Nawales in gratitude for their gifts, protection and guidance

 

OTHER WORLD – a non-ordinary state of consciousness where deities, spirit guides and/or ancestors may be accessed, petitioned or otherwise communicated with in order to somehow affect the reality of their clients/patients/disciples

________________________________________________________________

P

POPUL VUH – the Mayan creation story, to view a short video that summarizes this tale click on this link

 

PRIEST/PRIESTESS – also known as Mayan Aj’qi’j,  the feminine version often is a Mayan midwife or healer (in Spanish curandera)

 

PROPHECY - to utter or announce by or as if by divine inspiration: divinely inspired moral teaching: apocalyptic revelation: a declaration of something to come: predict, foretell

_______________________________________________________________

R

REMEMBERING – A key concept to the Maya, when we’re born, our soul is pure and we know who we truly are, but life itself ironically makes us forget. Our prayers, ancestors and old age help us remember who we are.

 

RIGHT ARM – Looking at the Mayan Cross as a human form facing out, the right arm is actually on the left side of the page. This is the strong, YANG energy, of the material world and are interpreted as the gifts that we carry in this lifetime, the strengths that help us fulfill our destiny. 

________________________________________________________________

S

SACRED BUNDLE – an Aj’qi’s “spiritual spouse”, in Spanish known as vara

 

SACRED CALENDAR – known in the Yucatan as the Tzolkin (Tzol=sacred kin=day)and in the highlands of Guatemala as Cholq’ij (pronounced cho key'), the 260 days cycle comprised of 13 numerals intermingling with 20 day signs

 

SHAMAN -  a non-Mayan reference to healers who use unseen forces to affect energetic and material changes for their patients/clients. The Maya refer to this role as Daykeepers or Aj Q'ij 

 

SOUL – the immortal part of all sentient beings that has permanent individual existence; a spiritual or moral force; the individual God seed; the light within that is seen and felt during eye contact with another

 

SOUL’S PURPOSE – The Maya believe in karma and reincarnation and know that each lifetime the soul has a purpose. The energies of the Mayan Cross reveal what we have to work with in order to reach our destiny and attain the highest expression of ourselves in this life time, our soul’s purpose. 

 

SOUTH DIRECTION – This is the energy of Mother Earth, the nurturer, rejuvenator and recycler who is there for us to absorb what no longer serves us and exchange it for that which does.  

 

STELE (or stela, stelae plural) – (Philip Babcock Gove, 1981, p. 2235) a slab or pillar or stone usually carved or inscribed and used for commemorative purposes

 

SYNCRETISM - a blending of religious/spiritual rituals and beliefs typically found in post Columbian cultures where indigenous beliefs were repressed by conquistadors; today, syncretism is found throughout Guatemala where the Maya may worship in catholic cathedrals, panel carvings on church altars juxtapose scenes of Mayan rituals with christian theme and Aj Q'ij perform fire ceremonies in front on the cathedral steps. Pictured below the Maya would create a blend of catholicism and their tradition - St. Francis with a jaguar in one hand and a jungle bird in the other.

_______________________________________________________________

T

13 JOINTS – a sacred number, the vortices of the human body which, if kept clear and activated, aid our physical health, focused mind and connection with Spirit

 

TRANSCULTURATION – an anthropological process of transitioning from one culture to another whereby the previous, often more “pure” culture is lost. The term deculturation is synonymous. The consequent creation of a new culture is considered neoculturation.

 

TREE OF LIFE – also known as the World Tree, the vertical (axis mundo) and horizontal axis stake out the four directions which keep us balanced, steadfast and aware

 

TWENTY  – 20 is a sacred number; when a young person’s rites of passage are complete, s/he is known to be a “twenty,” humans have twenty fingers and toes 

 

TZOLKIN or CHOL’QI CALENDAR – (pronounced zol-keen’ or choll-kee) the sacred calendar used by the Maya for prayer, ceremony, divination and astrology. The calendar is comprised of numbers 1-13 and 20 glyphs. In use throughout Mesoamerica for thousands of years, a complete round of this calendar is 260 days.

_________________________________________________________________

U

UNDERWORLD – used in both myth and religion to refer to the place for dead souls, as in afterlife. The place of departed souls, Hades

 

UNINITIATED –those whose culture is devoid of spiritual heritage, nature and spirit-based ritual, ceremony and/or rites of passage; people who have not sublimated ego, known death, remembered their true nature, traveled to other dimensions and/or developed relationships with deities and spirit guides and have not been initiated in indigenous terms; also known by modern energy healers as "independent negative energies" or "entities" 

_________________________________________________________________

V

VERTICAL AXIS – the trajectory of your life, from conception to destiny; Note that all three signs are the same color, derived from the Mayan four directions. Each color/direction has a certain quality, and also determines a person's compatbility with other Day Signs.

________________________________________________________________

W

  
WAQXAQIB – the number 8 in Mayan Kiché language, the most stable and auspicious day for ceremony and therefore chosen for major commemoration ceremonies

 

WAYEB - the five day period at the end of the Haab solar year calendar, recognized by the Maya as a time of review and renewal. The last day of this period marks the day when the Year Bearer will change to the next "cargador" in line.  In 2012, for example, the Wayeb is from February 17-22. 13 Noj (Knowledge) is on the 22nd, which is also the Year Bearer for the next Haab cycle.

WEST DIRECTION – Grandmother Moon, Grandmother Ocean, the energy that shows us the way of the teacher 

________________________________________________________________

Y

YEAR BEARER – four Day Lords that take turns helping the sun in its daily journey around the earth on the 365 day solar cycle of the Haab calendar, used primarily for agricultural purposes